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Mass Calculations

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Gabriel Mouton

Gabriel Mouton, born in 1618 in Lyon, France, and passing away in 1694, was a French priest and scientist renowned for his work in mathematics and astronomy. Serving as a priest at St. Paul Church in Lyon, his passion for scientific research positioned him among the leading scientists of his time. One of the most significant contributions of Mouton's scientific career was laying the foundations for the metric system. These efforts earned him great respect in the scientific community.

In 1670, Mouton proposed a measurement system based on the principles of the metric system in his work "Observationes Diametrorum Solis et Lunae apparentium." Mouton's system used a unit of measure based on the length of the Earth's meridian. This unit, called the "mil," later became the basis for the concept of the "meter." Mouton's proposal aimed to standardize measurements and improve the accuracy of scientific measurements. His suggested system significantly contributed to the development of the metric system, which was later adopted during the French Revolution and is still in use today.

Mouton's contributions to the metric system were not just theoretical but also practical. His work paved the way for the universal acceptance and use of measurement units, which was revolutionary for scientific studies and commerce. Gabriel Mouton is remembered as a pivotal figure in modern science and engineering for his emphasis on scientific accuracy and standards. His vision helped humanity eliminate uncertainties in measurements and achieve more reliable scientific data.

General Informations About Mass Metrics

Most of the mass metrics are widely used as also weight metrics but it's inaccurate.

  • Gram: It's most widely used mass metric on entire world. It found in 1795 and redefined in 1889. By far it's the most used mass metric in daily life. It has so many submetrics such as microgram, milligram, centigram, decigram, decagram, hectagram and kilogram.
  • Ton: It's one of the most widely used mass metrics on navigation, logistics and agriculture. It found in ancient times and it reached some international standard later than 1793.
  • Pound: It's widely used on britain, in both sciences and daily life.
  • Ons: It's used on food, post and textiles.
  • Troy Pound, Troy Ons, Carat: They mostly used for defining the mass of jewelry.
  • Quintal: It's widely used on agriculture in france, spain and portugal.
  • Jin: A chinese mass metric that used on agriculture, cultural activities, traditional medicine.
  • Pood: It's a traditional russian mass metric that commonly used in russia and russian colonies and had usage on sports and agriculture.
  • Tola: It's a traditional indian continent mass metric that used on defining mass of jewelry.
  • Momme: It's a traditional japanese mass metric that used on textiles.
  • Picul: It's a traditional southeastern asian mass metric that used on trade, agriculture and mining.
  • Arroba: A traditional latin mass metric that used on trade and agriculture.
  • Dirhem: It's a mass metric that found on east mediterranea and has wide usage on especially greeks and arab world. It has widely used on coinage, trade, architecture and agriculture.
  • Okka, Kantar, Ceki(Çeki), Kıyye, Besde: Traditional turkish mass metrics that widely used on almost every aspects of daily life.
  • Miskal: A traditional Islamic mass metric that widely used on jewelry and medicine.
  • Batman: A traditional turkic mass metric that had wide usage across all turkic countries.