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Temperature Calculations

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Gabriel Mouton

Gabriel Mouton, born in 1618 in Lyon, France, and passing away in 1694, was a French priest and scientist renowned for his work in mathematics and astronomy. Serving as a priest at St. Paul Church in Lyon, his passion for scientific research positioned him among the leading scientists of his time. One of the most significant contributions of Mouton's scientific career was laying the foundations for the metric system. These efforts earned him great respect in the scientific community.

In 1670, Mouton proposed a measurement system based on the principles of the metric system in his work "Observationes Diametrorum Solis et Lunae apparentium." Mouton's system used a unit of measure based on the length of the Earth's meridian. This unit, called the "mil," later became the basis for the concept of the "meter." Mouton's proposal aimed to standardize measurements and improve the accuracy of scientific measurements. His suggested system significantly contributed to the development of the metric system, which was later adopted during the French Revolution and is still in use today.

Mouton's contributions to the metric system were not just theoretical but also practical. His work paved the way for the universal acceptance and use of measurement units, which was revolutionary for scientific studies and commerce. Gabriel Mouton is remembered as a pivotal figure in modern science and engineering for his emphasis on scientific accuracy and standards. His vision helped humanity eliminate uncertainties in measurements and achieve more reliable scientific data.

General Informations About Temperature Metrics

  • Celsius: The most known temperature metric that has worldwide acknowledgement. It found by a Swedish Astronome Andres Celsius in 1742. It's most widely used temperature metric in entire world.
  • Fahrenheit: Another one of the most known temperature metrics that found by a german physicist named Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1724. It's widely used on most of the former british colonies such as united states and many pacific island countries.
  • Kelvin: The later most well known temperature metric that found by a scottish scientist Lord Kelvin in 1848. It's mostly used on engineering and physics.
  • Rankine: The temperature metric that found by a scottish engineer named William John Macquorn Rankine in 1859. It's mostly used on thermodynamics, energy manufacturing, and air cooling systems.
  • Reaumur: The temperature metric that found by a french naturalist named René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur in 1730. It has still some usage on europe's food manufacturing.
  • Newton: The oldest temperature metric that found by famous british scientist Sir Isaac Newton on 1701. It doesn't widely used for anything on this day.
  • Delisle: The temperature metric that found by a french astronome Joseph Nicolas Delisle in 1732. Altough it had some usage on russia in eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, today it doesn't widely used for anything.
  • Romer: The one of the oldest Temperature metric that found by a dannish astronome Ole Christensen Rømer in 1702. Altough it had some usage on denmark in eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, today it doesn't widely used for anything.